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【维词课堂】外研版B6M1— 谈人生,你需要一个purpose

维克多英语 2020-06-29 16:27:53



今天我们要学习的是purpose。purpose在外研版教材中只给出了“目的”这层释义,无法达到高考要求,需要做适当的词义拓展。


purpose的基本义是“目标;目的”。借助基本义,我们可以这样理解:某物存在的“目的”,即实现其“用途;作用”;人生的“目的”,即其“意义”。另外,需要借助其英语释义来理解purpose的第层释义“用意;需要”。what is needed in a particular situation (特定情势下所需之物),即某物有满足“需要”的“目的”。



练一练

一、写出画线词的汉语释义。

1. When I was 13 my only purpose was to become the star on our football team. (2016 全国完形)


2. Successful product design takes into consideration a product’s function, purpose, shape, form, color, and so on. (2016 上海选词填空)


3. In April 1998, he learned he would need a heart operation. It was the kind of news that leads to some serious thinking about lifes purpose. (2011 山东阅读)


4. The factory used 65 percent of the raw materials, the rest of which were saved for other purposes. (2011 安徽单选)


二、根据提示,完成下列句子。

1. Growth is not an automatic process. You should do something _______________________ (故意地) to make yourself better. (2016 江苏完形)


2. ___________________________ (经营公司的目的) is to make money.


3. It is very shortsighted after all, to take a course of studies  ________________________________ (仅仅是为了获得个人的第一份工作).

 

答案:

一、

1. 目标  2. 用途  3. 意义  4. 用途

二、

1. on purpose  

2. The purpose of conducting a business  

3. only for the purpose of getting one’s first job


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